Richard McCully

Speaking Thai in the classroom

It is not what foreign teachers are paid to do.

When I first moved to Thailand I tried to pick up the local lingo and managed to have simple conversations after a couple of months. I used to love seeing the surprise and happiness on Thai people’s faces when I spoke their language. 

At my government school teaching job I understood little things the students said in Thai and they were desperate to hear me speak Thai. After a little while saying words like, delicious, hot and fun in Thai became a common routine for me in classes. A lot of students were keener to hear me speak Thai than to learn English themselves. 

It wasn’t until moving to a language school, with proper management, that I saw the negative side of a teacher speaking Thai in class. It was also at that job where I saw that some TEFL teachers are actually stuck in the routine of speaking Thai with students. 

Teachers stuck speaking Thai

As I said there are some teachers who are stuck in this zone of speaking Thai with students. This is normally either those who have zero training and don’t know better or others who just enjoy showing off. 

One such teacher I used to work with seemed to speak decent Thai and had the added bonus of being able to read and write Thai (the students loved that!). The problem was that, like many foreigners speaking Thai, he wasn’t as good as he thought and this caused issues in the classroom and office. 

He was probably an intermediate speaker which meant he could do all the basics pretty well but made mistakes when using harder sentences which led to three problems. 

Firstly he thought he could use Thai to teach beginner students as he felt he could speak better Thai than they could English. He just fell back on using Thai as he could get his point across and thought it was an easy way to do a class rather than using proper teaching techniques. 

Secondly, his pronunciation wasn’t great and a lot of people said they couldn’t really understand him. This actually led to wasted time with students either not understanding him or, even worse, having to teach him the correct words in Thai.  

Finally with any intermediate Thai student or above it was really a waste of time speaking Thai with them as they could communicate and discuss problems and situations in English. 

In our office he also caused issues as he would speak Thai when a group of teachers and Thai staff were together. Bear in mind all Thai staff were at least intermediate English speakers so there was no need for him to use another language. One of my Thai colleagues at work even flatly told him to stop speaking Thai with her as his Thai wasn’t good and her English was much better. 

In the end a lot of colleagues, foreign and Thai, thought he was purely showing off and that he was a bit of an idiot for doing so. 

Not our job

As anyone who has been here a while will know, speaking a little Thai will get you brownie points with students. It gets a laugh and a lot of students think it is cool that their teacher speaks Thai. The problem is that it isn’t what we are paid to do. 

We are paid to deliver lessons in English. By the end of a class your students should have learned something valuable. Sure you also have to provide a fun atmosphere but you can do this without getting cheap laughs by speaking Thai. 

Several schools and language centers even have a policy where all communication is in English. I love this as it encourages people to use the language in natural situations, even when it is Thai staff speaking to each other. 

In the worst case scenarios I’ve heard teachers asking Thai students to tell them English words in Thai. It is ridiculous that you’re asking someone who has paid to attend your class to help you learn.

Where speaking Thai is acceptable

There certainly are a few exceptions where speaking Thai is acceptable. For example if students are really stuck on a word and I know it in Thai I will say it if necessary. However, this is only after trying to elicit it naturally. If you are having to do this several times in a class then you probably haven’t planned an appropriate class for that level of students. 

The other situation is when there is an emergency and you are dealing with children or very low level learners and need to make yourself understood quickly and clearly. If there is a fire drill or medical emergency this is of course acceptable. 

Speaking isn't the same as listening

Something else teachers in Thailand need to appreciate is that you can use your Thai ability but don’t need to speak Thai in the classroom. These days I find the ability to listen to students speaking Thai and understanding them is far more valuable than speaking Thai myself. After a while you will understand the Thai phrases for “I don’t understand..” “Does he mean….” “Do we have to do this….” etc and through this you can respond in English to answer their questions. 

Also English vocabulary can be difficult and sometimes students will check with each other the meaning in Thai. If you know the correct word then you can respond positivly in English if they say the word in Thai. 

With very low level students this technique works well as most teachers should have at least a beginner level of Thai. If you are teaching things like “What is your job?”  “I like...” and food vocabulary then you should understand if students are correct when discussing the meaning of the English phrases in Thai.

Is it the culture of edutainment?

You could argue that the use of Thai with students is partly due to the idea of edu-tainment. Teachers feel under pressure to entertain students and by using Thai that can be achieved in certain situations. 

A quick look at famous English teachers here in Thailand will show you that they all speak Thai very well and use it during lessons. Whilst I appreciate the skill they have I would also say that it isn’t necessary as a teacher to speak the native language of your students. Fair play to these people who have found a place for themselves in the market though. I just hope other teachers who work in the classroom don’t see Twitter and YouTube accounts of famous English teachers and feel they too also have to use Thai in the classroom to be loved by Thai students. 

The two most popular teachers in my old school seemingly thought the mixed English / Thai approach was the way to go in the classroom. Using words like Aroy, Narak and Lon Mak in exagerated Thai accents would get instant laughs from high school and university students. In the end they got lots of class requests and management let their Thai slide as students were happy. 

However, if you are a teacher you should be able to plan lessons which are fun, interesting and educational without the need to speak Thai for whatever reason. 

Learning Thai

Learning a language is a great thing. I remember the joy of getting an A in GCSE French and being able to use the language well when on holiday there. I remember counting from 1-100 in Thai and my Thai neighbors cheering me on, great times. 

The thing to remember is that you are working to deliver English language classes and speaking Thai should be for your benefit, not your students. Learn Thai, be proud that you can speak it well but keep it out of the classroom, OK? 

If you enjoyed this blog, check out my website - Life in a New Country  

Richard is co-author of a great new book on planning a life in Thailand. 

Planning your new life in Thailand isn’t easy. There are many hurdles to jump and potential frustrations galore. From practicalities through to cultural issues, from finances to fitting in and making friends, there is so much to learn. Luckily, you will find all the basics explained in this 282 page book. 

Settling in Thailand takes a broad, insightful and balanced approach – neither too cynical nor evangelical, this book sets a precedent in terms of presenting a positive but realistic and non-judgemental description of Thailand life for foreign residents. 

Written by two British expats in Thailand, and with interviews with another 13 expats from around the world, you will get first-hand experience, advice and explanations of expat life in Thailand. With a combined 150 years of Thai experience this book is the ultimate guide to making sure your move and settling in Thailand goes smoothly.

Order now in e-book or paperback format.


I agree, my students improve through listening to a lot of English and speaking a lot but this article doesn't mention or acknowledge the problems with classroom management or address the fact that kids at any age in Thailand only respond to Thai language when your telling them off .. speaking as someone who only knows niap and nang lom .. I know for a fact if I knew more I could control my class more.

Ive taught all levels of prathom and look jealously on at a Thai teachers completely controlled classroom vs my chaos after three years in Thailand with no Thai language skills..

By red, thailand (14th June 2019)

"I would need to see some proof before believing having some bloke come in and start blabbering in a foreign language is always the most effective method of teaching a foreign language for everyone"

If he's 'blabbering', Jack, then it's obviously not an effective way of teaching anything. Regardless of what language the teacher is speaking. Maybe some teachers do the best they can with that they have, and that's all you can really expect of them considering their dynamic here.

We often discuss who's the best kind of teacher or what's the best kind of teaching style; American, British, non-natives who have studied other languages, rote, Montessori, yada yada yada. If I come back to Thailand and put my daughter in a school again, the first thing I'll be checking is has my kid's teacher had a police check done. Seems we focus on experience and qualifications without a strong emphasis on whether our kids are actually safe. My kid's teacher can speak all the languages in the world. I wanna know first and foremost that they've been sufficiently vetted.

By Simon, Good ol' USA (18th July 2018)

Richard, I am not really disagreeing with you, but at the beginner level some instruction which mixes the native and foreign language seems to be usually helpful. After students reach a level of proficiency, use of only English might (or might not, I haven't seen any empirical evidence to support either position, only opinion) be appropriate.

But I think we should be very careful in making blanket statements on the effectiveness of a particular practice without any concern over context.

I am not an expert on the subject, but I would need to see some proof before believing having some bloke come in and start blabbering in a foreign language is always the most effective method of teaching a foreign language for everyone. For me, when learning a foreign language it is usually helpful to have some guidance in my native language, but maybe I am the sole exception to the rule.

By Jack, Here and there (13th July 2018)

Jack - When I learned French and German at school my teachers spoke English as well as the other language. The difference is that they were native English speakers not some guy who could speak a few words or was at intermediate level - big difference. Most schools here want students to be in an English speaking environment, all of my management have said there should be zero Thai in the classroom. Imagine a Thai person studying at a summer school in London, they wont have a Thai speaking teacher to help them and they don't need it.

I've nothing against the odd bit of Thai in the classroom but draw the line where it is used to gain cheap laughs, to show off, or used as the lesson hasn't be planned correctly for that level and Thai is needed as it is too difficult for students.

By Richard, Bangkok (13th July 2018)

How many native English speaking language teachers have learned a foreign language fluently by studying in a classroom where the teachers never used English?

By Jack, Here and there (12th July 2018)

Brilliant article and reflects my own views perfectly.

By Mark Newman, The Land of Barely Concealed Rage. (11th July 2018)

Post your comment

Comments are moderated and will not appear instantly.

Featured Jobs

NES or European Teachers

฿34,000+ / month


Fun Native English Teachers

฿44,000+ / month


NES English, Science and Math Teachers

฿42,300+ / month


Kindergarten and Primary Teachers

฿42,000+ / month


Principal and Curriculum Developer

฿60,000+ / month


Short-term English Teachers

฿40,000+ / month


Featured Teachers

  • Laurence

    American, 38 years old. Currently living in Thailand

  • Ghulam

    Pakistani, 44 years old. Currently living in Thailand

  • Irish

    Filipino, 27 years old. Currently living in Philippines

  • Rosemilynda

    Filipino, 39 years old. Currently living in Philippines

  • Ryan

    American, 38 years old. Currently living in Thailand

  • Mark

    Filipino, 24 years old. Currently living in Thailand

The Hot Spot

Teacher mistakes

Teacher mistakes

What are the most common mistakes that teachers make when they are about to embark on a teaching career in Thailand? We've got them all covered.

The cost of living

The cost of living

How much money does a teacher need to earn in order to survive in Thailand? We analyze the facts.

The Region Guides

The Region Guides

Fancy working in Thailand but not in Bangkok? Our region guides are written by teachers who actually live and work in the provinces.

Will I find work in Thailand?

Will I find work in Thailand?

It's one of the most common questions we get e-mailed to us. So find out exactly where you stand.

Need Thailand insurance?

Need Thailand insurance?

Have a question about health or travel insurance in Thailand? Ricky Batten from Pacific Prime is Ajarn's resident expert.

The dreaded demo

The dreaded demo

Many schools ask for demo lessons before they hire. What should you the teacher be aware of?

Contributions welcome

Contributions welcome

If you like visiting and reading the content, why not get involved yourself and keep us up to date?

Air your views

Air your views

Got something to say on the topic of teaching, working or living in Thailand? The Ajarn Postbox is the place. Send us your letters!